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I want to get your guidance on how I can improve in using the correct tense. Sometimes I remember when to use subjunctive, and I often forget the “imparfait et plus-que-parfait.” I know these things come down to practice … but I need to master this.
Do you have any tips? Your tip reading more in French really resonated with me!
Best and thanks in advance,
How to use the right tense is always a challenge not only for French language learners like you, but even for native French speakers as well. Many French people get confused between the future and the conditional tenses, for example. So if you get confused between certain tenses or mood, try not to worry too much.
But, here are a few tips that might help you.
The approach between using some tenses or mood in oral versus written form should be differentiated. Let me explain. You mentioned « plus que parfait »; we do not use it too much in oral communication so I don’t recommend that you spend so much time on it unless you plan to use it in the written form. In that case, then you should pay more attention to it so that you can use it when you write, let’s say, an essay.
Now for imparfait and subjunctive, we use it in some specific situations:
Imparfait : describe past habit. E.g. when I was young, I used to go to school at 6 am= imparfait. « j’allais à l’école à 6 heures » . Or express an opinion about something you did « it was good » = c’était bon. Of course here I over simplify the explanation, please go to my website to see more details about the tense. Check the lessons here and here.
Subjunctive : To express subjectivity « Je crois que… » If you see « que » chances are you will have to use it. You will mostly use it in these situations
- wishing something: vouloir que and désirer que (which means to wish that or to want) aimer que(meaning to like that), aimer mieux que and préférer que (which means to prefer that)
- fearing something: avoir peur que (which means to be afraid that)
- giving your opinion: croire que (which means to think that)
Please bear in mind that I over simplified my explanations here. But here the idea is to uncomplicate the grammar and focus on the main scenarios, not on the exceptions.
In oral communication, you can focus on the main ideas and on the verbs that may be interesting or useful for you. (There are plenty of useful verbs that I listed on some articles in my website and also a PDF version which you can find in the French learning package.)
Now for writing, you should take your time to really absorb the rules and try to challenge yourself in using more difficult tenses and mood. If you have someone who can correct your writing, that’s even better.
In general, tenses need some serious work and drills. But over time, you should be able to familiarize yourself with it.
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