Level : Beginner Reading time: 2 minutes
When do you use “la” and “le” in describing family and friends? It may be confusing at first but it really is as simple as ABC. “La” is used when the subject is female and “le” is used when the subject is male.
The hip hop American slang “boo” was actually coined from the French word “beau”, which is an adjective placed in front of a male noun.
“Belle” on the other hand helps express the female noun.
Discover below on how to use this together with the usual French words relating to family, relatives and friends.
|le cousin, la cousine||cousin|
|le jumeau, la jumelle||twin brother, sister|
|le beau-fils||son-in-law, stepson|
|la belle-fille||daughter-in-law, stepdaughter|
|le beau-frère||brother-in-law, stepbrother|
|la belle-sœur||sister-in-law, stepsister|
|le beau-père||father-in-law, stepfather|
|la belle-mère||mother-in-law, stepmother|
|la famille proche||close family|
|la famille éloignée||relatives|
The adjective beau (m.) or belle (f.) in front of the nouns fille, fi ls, frère, soeur, père, or mère helps express step or in-law.
Compound phrases such as la belle-fille and le beau-fils have a double meaning. They are used to express daughter-in-law and son-in-law. In the following sentences, note that la bru also means daughter-in-law. Similarly le gendre means son-in-law as well.
The adjective grand or grands placed before the nouns mère, père, or parents serves to express grandmother, grandfather, and grandparents.
The adjective petite, petit, or petits placed before the nouns fille, fils, and enfants serves to express granddaughter, grandson, and grandchildren.
The adverb arrière placed before grand-mère, grand-père, grands-parents, petite-fille, petit-fils, and petits-enfants serves to express great.
Download the family friends french vocab
|l’ami(e) intime||close friend|
|les amoureux (m. pl.)||lovers (people in love)|
|le/la camarade||buddy / friend,|
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Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. Macaron addict. Jacques Audiard fan. You can contact him on Twitter and Google +