Savoir is a commonly used verb, but have you ever been unsure on which conjugation to use? Well, you will find the different French conjugations for this verb below.
The French verb savoir translates to to know in English.
It is not the only verb that translates into “to know”. When referring to knowing a person, instead of a fact, you would conjugate the verb connaître. Connaître means “to be familiar with” as well as “to know someone”.
Savoir is an irregular ir verb, which means that it won’t follow the same rules as the other ir verbs when being conjugated in French.
Present Tense Savoir Conjugation
In all likelihood, the present tense is probably the most commonly used tense in regard to talking in French about knowing something. So, I would recommend you learn this conjugation first.
As you can see, while the bottom three conjugations are typical for what you might expect when conjugating a regular ir verb, the top three aren’t.
- Je ne sais pas - (I don’t know)
- Tu sais comment compter - (You know how to count)
- Comment savez-vous? - (How do you know?)
Imperfect Tense of Savoir French Conjugation
The imperfect tense is one of the past tenses for savoir that is commonly used when conjugating the verb in French.
This conjugation of savoir in French is fairly straightforward as the stem of the verb remains the same while the ending changes. The ending of the first three conjugations is also the same as they would be for the present tense, so it will be easier to memorise.
- Nous savions que - (We knew that)
Future Tense Conjugation of Savoir
The future tense of savoir is used to say what you will know.
|Je||Saurais||I will know|
|Tu||Sauras||You will know|
|Il/Elle||Saura||He/she will know|
|Nous||Saurons||We will know|
|Vous||Saurez||You will know|
|Ils/Elles||Sauront||They will know|
This conjugation will possibly be the trickiest to learn because while the suffix of the verb is the same as you would expect for a regular verb, the beginning of the verb is quite different from what would be considered the stem.
- Je saurais la réponse demain - (I will know the answer tomorrow)
Conditional Tense Savoir Conjugation in French
The conditional tense is another future tense that you will be able to use when conjugating Savoir in French.
|Je||Saurais||I will know|
|Tu||Saurais||You will know|
|Il/Elle||Saurait||He/she will know|
|Nous||Saurions||We will know|
|Vous||Sauriez||You will know|
|Ils/Elles||Sauraient||They will know|
Once you have learnt the future tense of the verb, the conditional won’t seem as tricky because they are very similar in their spellings and pronunciation. However, these conjugations also follow a similar pattern to the regular ir verbs, even if the stem of the word has changed slightly to create them.
Passé Composé Savoir Conjugation in French
The passé composé uses both the verb avoir (to have) and the past participle of savoir (su).
|J’||Ai su||I have known|
|Tu||As su||You have known|
|Il/Elle||A su||He/she had known|
|Nous||Avons su||We have known|
|Vous||Avez su||You have known|
|Ils/Elles||Ont su||They had known|
Subjunctive Tense French Conjugation of Savoir
In English, the subjunctive isn’t used very much anymore, it is to describe the subject’s attitude. However, in French, it is a lot more common and is used when there are two different people involved in a sentence.
|Que je||Sache||That I know of|
|Que tu||Saches||That you know|
|Qu’il/elle||Sache||That he/she knows|
|Que nous||Sachions||That we know|
|Que vous||Sachiez||That you know|
|Qu’ils/elles||Sachent||That they know|
When using the subjunctive, as with most of the other tenses shown in this article, the verb savoir changes quite a lot when being conjugated in French. The only part of the stem that remains is the “sa” before the suffix is added to create the correct conjugation.
As you can see in this form of the conjugation, “que” is added before the subject pronoun.
The Pluperfect Tense French Savoir Conjugation
Le Passé Historique Conjugation of the verb Savoir
Passé Antérieur Tense Savoir Conjugation
Futur Antérieur Tense Savoir Conjugation
The Near Future Tense Conjugation of Savoir
Subject Pronoun Savoir English
Je Vais Savoir I
Tu Vas Savoir You
Il/Elle Va Savoir He/She
Nous Allons Savoir We
Vous Allez Savoir You
Ils/Elles Vont Savoir They
Savoir is one of the more complicated verbs to conjugate, but once you have learnt the most common tenses, you will be able to conjugate the verb in French confidently. It is a very common verb to come across, so it is definitely worth learning.
Other verb conjugations articles can be found here: