French Vocab: Weather and Seasons. La meteo et les saisons
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French Vocabulary: Weather and Seasons (La météo et les saisons)

Reading time: 2 minutes

Difficulty: Beginner- Intermediate

Ah, the weather. The number one go-to (and no brainer) conversation starter for everybody everywhere.

How many times has it saved a hapless, speechless conversationalist break a monotonous silence?

Whether you’re worming your way into an awesome conversation or just genuinely interested to know how to say weather-related things, this guide has got you covered.

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french vocabulary weather and seasons

1. Weather conditions

Weather ConditionsConditions atmosphériques
The weather is bad.Il fait mauvais.
The weather is cloudy.C'est nuageux.
The weather is cold.Il fait froid.
The weather is cool.Il fait frais.
The weather is foggy.Il y a du brouillard.
The weather is gray.Il fait gris/maussade.
The weather is hot.Il fait chaud.
The weather is humid.Il fait humide/lourd.
The weather is mild.Il fait doux.
The weather is nice.Il fait beau/bon.
The weather is rainy.Il fait pluvieux.
The weather is stormy.Il fait orageux.
The weather is sunny.C'est ensoleillé
The weather is windy.Il y a du vent./ C'est venteux
It is freezing. Il gèle
It is snowing. Il neige.
It is hailing.Il grêle.
It is raining.Il pleut.
It is raining in torrents.Il pleut à torrents.
break/clear ups’éclaircir
break in the weatherl’éclaircie (f )
breezela brise
fogle brouillard
frostle gel/le givre
hailla grêle
heatla chaleur
black ice le verglas
icela glace/le gel/le verglas
mistla brume
overcastcouvert(e)
rainla pluie
rainbowl’arc-en-ciel (m)
shower, rain showerl’averse (f )
snowla neige
sunle soleil
thawle dégel
torrential rainune pluie diluvienne
windle vent
coolness la fraîcheur

2. Extreme weather

Extreme Weather ConditionsConditions atmosphériques
Natural Disasterssévères et désastres naturels
avalanchel’avalanche (f )
cyclonele cyclone
disaster zone la zone sinistrée
dog daysla canicule
droughtla sécheresse
earthquakele tremblement de terre
eruptionl’éruption (f )
floodl’inondation (f )
hurricanel’ouragan (m)
icebergl’iceberg (m)
landslidele glissement/l’effondrement de terrain (m)
lavala lave
lightning boltla foudre
lightningl’éclair (m)
monsoonla mousson
seismicle séisme
shockla secousse
snowstormla tempête de neige
squallla rafale
storm (at sea)la tempête
storml’orage (m)
thunderle tonnerre
tidal wavele raz-de-marée
tornadola tornade
torrential rainsles pluies torrentielles (fpl)
tsunamile tsunami
typhoonle typhon
windstormla tempête de vent

3.  Weather report

Weather ReportLe bulletin météorologique
annualannuel(le)
atmospheric pressurela pression atmosphérique
averagemoyen(ne)
barometerle baromètre
changele changement
coolnessla fraîcheur
degreele degré
disturbancela perturbation
dropbaisser
forecastla prévision
high pressurela haute pression
hit hardtaper/frapper fort
in the shadeà l’ombre
low pressurela basse pression
mildnessla douceur
minusmoins
plusplus
precipitationla précipitation
risemonter
shinebriller
sunrisele lever du soleil
sunsetle coucher du soleil
temperaturela température
thermometerle thermomètre
variablevariable

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french vocabulary

Here is an example of weather forecast on French TV.  (Note: It might be difficult to understand everything).

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